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Title:The Portuguese Empire 1 of 3
Source:Youtube After the discovery of America by Columbus, an intense race developed between Portugal and Spain to reach India. At stake was the very lucrative spice trade controlled by Arabs, Egyptians and Venetians up to this point. In 1488 during the age of exploration, Portuguese explorer Bartolomeu Diaz rounds the Cape of Good Hope, opening the way to the Indian Ocean. Next year Vasco da Gama makes the first trip to India, establishing relations with Calicut and its ruler, the Zamorin. Pedro Alvares Cabral leads the second expedition, discovering Brazil on his way to India. He opens a feitoria, however relations soon sour and war breaks out between the Portuguese and Calicut. Further fleets follow and Alfonso de Albuquerque lays the foundations to the Portuguese India Empire (the Estado da India). Bibliography: Diffie, B W (1977). Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415-1580 Crowley, R (2015). Conquerors: How Portugal Forged the First Global Empire Newitt, M (2005). A History of Portuguese Overseas Expansion, 1400–1668 Subrahmanyam, S (2012). The Portuguese Empire in Asia, 1500-1700 Love, R S (2006). Maritime Exploration in the Age of Discovery, 1415–1800 Boxer, C A (1977). The Portuguese seaborne empire, 1415-1825 Ravenstein, E G (2010). A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama, 1497–1499 Tracy, J D (1990). The Rise of Merchant Empires Scammell, G V (1989). The First Imperial Age: European Overseas Expansion 1500-1715 Nicolle, D (2012). The Portuguese in the Age of Discovery Disney, A R (2007). A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire Newitt, M (2009). Portugal in European and World History Chaudhuri, K N (1985). Trade and Civilisation in the Indian Ocean: An Economic History Silva, S (2008). The Portuguese in the East: A Cultural History of a Maritime Trading Empire Cliff, N (2011). Holy War: How Vasco Da Gama's Epic Voyages Turned the Tide Yun-Casalilla, B (2019). Iberian World Empires and the Globalization of Europe 1415–1668 Hart, J (2003). Comparing Empires Alden, D (1968). Royal Government in Colonial Brazil Silva, F R (2011). Dutch and Portuguese in Western Africa 0:00 Start 0:29 Portugal 3:00 Vasco da Gama 4:45 2nd and 3rd Armadas 7:14 4th Armada 9:30 Albuquerque #PortugueseEmpire #PortugueseHistory #History


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