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Title:The Conscious, Preconscious and Unconscious Mind. Freud’s Topographical Model
Duration:04:02
Viewed:62,275
Published:02-05-2022
Source:Youtube

Sigmund Freud believed the human mind has three parts, the conscious, pre-conscious and unconscious. This is called the Topograpical model. Freud used the analogy of an iceberg to describe this model. If you see a picture of an iceberg you will notice only a fraction rises above the surface of the ocean and most of the iceberg remains hidden under the surface. The tip of the iceberg depicts the conscious mind. The conscious mind consists of all the mental process and sensations of which you are aware. For example, you notice you feel hungry and decide to get make some food or your feel cold and decide to put a jacket on. The conscious mind also takes control over all logical and intellectual thought processes, its all that we are aware of at any given time. 🔵 WORK WITH ME If you'd like to work with me, or a member of the Lewis Psychology team, please click on the links below: ☐ Lewis Psychology CIC (for face to face therapy): https://www.lewispsy.org.uk ☐ Lewis Psychology Online (for online therapy): https://lewispsyonline.co.uk 🔵 CHAPTERS 0:00 Conscious Mind 1:13 Preconscious Mind 1:49 Unconscious Mind 2:10 Repression And The Unconscious The preconscious is just below the level of consciousness. This includes things you don't instantly know but you can access by association. For example, the smell of freshly baked bread brings back a memory of baking with your grandmother when you were five years old or listening to a specific song evokes memories of your first holiday abroad. The preconscious is like a mental waiting room in which memories, thoughts or feelings remain until they move into conscious awareness. The unconscious mind is depicted by the base of the iceberg. The unconscious mind includes mental processes that are inaccessible or hidden, this might include traumatic events or desires that are too frightening to acknowledge. Most of what goes on in the mind is unconscious but can still impact your behaviour. Like an iceberg, the most important part of the mind is the part you cannot see. Much of what is in the unconscious mind got there via the process of repression. Repression describes the mechanism whereby you push unpleasant or unacceptable feelings, memories or urges into your unconscious mind. For example, Anna was abused by a parent when she was 3 years old. She has no memory of the abuse but struggles forming relationships with others. Simon who was attacked by a stray dog when he was 5, he doesn’t remember the incident but has an intense phobia of dogs. Although both Anna and Simon repressed traumatic childhood events, the symptoms they experience as adults is an expression of their traumas. Repression is a defence mechanism. A defence mechanism is a behaviour used to separate yourself from unpleasant events, actions, or thoughts. According to Freud much of what happened to you as a child is still present in your unconscious mind and is therefore capable of exerting great influence over you as an adult. Since most people are incapable of recalling the details of their childhood, the focus of psychoanalysis is to look more closely at the past with the view of uncovering significant and meaningful memories. The idea here is that by understanding the connections between past and present a new perspective can be achieved. 🔵 ABOUT TERESA LEWIS Teresa Lewis is the founder and Director of Lewis Psychology and a Senior Accredited psychotherapist with the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (MBACP Snr. Accred). Qualified in 1995, Teresa has been providing counselling and psychotherapy treatment for nearly 30 years. Teresa holds a masters degree in counselling and psychotherapy and is a qualified EMDR Practitioner having completed training accredited with EMDR Europe. Teresa is also a qualified adult educator and an accredited Mindfulness teacher As a recognised expert in her field Teresa is frequently asked to conduct editorial reviews and endorse counselling and psychotherapy books for international publishing houses. ☐ Email: teresa.lewispsy@gmail.com ☐ Buy Me A Coffee: https://www.buymeacoffee.com/lewispsychology 🔵 GRAPHICS AND THUMBNAIL Thumbnail and B-Roll graphics designed by Teresa Lewis. B-Roll video is used in strict compliance with the appropriate permissions and licenses required from Pexels.com and Canva.com in accordance with the YouTube Partner Program, Community guidelines and YouTube terms of service. #LewisPsychology



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