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Title:Akbar | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Akbar 00:03:50 1 Early years 00:06:37 2 Military campaigns 00:06:47 2.1 Military innovations 00:08:29 2.2 Struggle for North India 00:11:15 2.3 Expansion into Central India 00:16:29 2.4 Conquest of Rajputana 00:19:54 2.5 Annexation of Western and Eastern India 00:23:54 2.6 Campaigns in Afghanistan and Central Asia 00:28:27 2.7 Conquests in the Indus Valley 00:30:01 2.8 Subjugation of parts of Baluchistan 00:31:01 2.9 Safavids and Kandahar 00:33:24 2.10 Deccan Sultans 00:34:22 3 Administration 00:34:31 3.1 Political government 00:35:30 3.2 Taxation 00:37:45 3.3 Military organisation 00:39:09 3.4 Capital 00:40:33 4 Economy 00:40:42 4.1 Trade 00:41:57 4.2 Coins 00:43:37 5 Diplomacy 00:43:46 5.1 Matrimonial alliances 00:47:17 6 Foreign relations 00:47:26 6.1 Relations with the Portuguese 00:50:29 6.2 Relations with the Ottoman Empire 00:53:03 6.3 Relations with the Safavid Dynasty 00:55:13 6.4 Relations with other contemporary kingdoms 00:55:44 7 Religious policy 00:57:20 7.1 Association with the Muslim aristocracy 01:00:31 7.2 Din-i-Ilahi 01:04:08 7.3 Relation with Hindus 01:05:23 7.4 Relation with Jains 01:07:19 8 Historical accounts 01:07:29 8.1 Personality 01:11:25 8.2 Hagiography 01:12:22 8.3 Akbarnāma, the iBook of Akbar/i 01:13:15 9 Marriages 01:20:05 10 Death 01:21:06 11 Legacy 01:22:55 12 In popular culture 01:26:02 13 Ancestry 01:26:11 14 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-din Muhammad Akbar ابو الفتح جلال الدين محمد اكبر‬ (15 October 1542– 27 October 1605), popularly known as Akbar I (IPA: [əkbər]), also as Akbar the Great (Akbar-i-azam اکبر اعظم‬), was the third Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1556 to 1605. Akbar succeeded his father, Humayun, under a regent, Bairam Khan, who helped the young emperor expand and consolidate Mughal domains in India. A strong personality and a successful general, Akbar gradually enlarged the Mughal Empire to include nearly all of the Indian Subcontinent north of the Godavari river. His power and influence, however, extended over the entire country because of Mughal military, political, cultural, and economic dominance. To unify the vast Mughal state, Akbar established a centralised system of administration throughout his empire and adopted a policy of conciliating conquered rulers through marriage and diplomacy. To preserve peace and order in a religiously and culturally diverse empire, he adopted policies that won him the support of his non-Muslim subjects. Eschewing tribal bonds and Islamic state identity, Akbar strove to unite far-flung lands of his realm through loyalty, expressed through an Indo-Persian culture, to himself as an emperor who had near-divine status. Mughal India developed a strong and stable economy, leading to commercial expansion and greater patronage of culture. Akbar himself was a patron of art and culture. He was fond of literature, and created a library of over 24,000 volumes written in Sanskrit, Urdu, Persian, Greek, Latin, Arabic and Kashmiri, staffed by many scholars, translators, artists, calligraphers, scribes, bookbinders and readers. He did much of the cataloging himself through three main groupings. Akbar also established the library of Fatehpur Sikri exclusively for women, and he decreed that schools for the education of both Muslims and Hindus should be established throughout the realm. He also encouraged bookbinding to become a high art. Holy men of many faiths, poets, architects, and artisans adorned his court from all over the world for study and discussion. Akbar's courts at Delhi, Agra, and Fatehpur Sikri became centres of the arts, letters, and learning. Perso-Islamic culture began to merge and blend with indigenous Indian elements, and a distinct Indo-Persian culture emerged characterized by Mughal style arts, painting, and architecture. Disillusioned with orthodox Islam and perhaps hoping to bring about religious unity within his empire, Akbar promulgate ...


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